A bunion appears as a bump on the side of the big toe. However that is the visible effect of changes in the bony framework of the front part of the foot where the big toe leans toward the second toe, rather than pointing straight ahead.
Bunions are most often caused by an inherited faulty mechanical structure of the foot that makes a person prone to developing a bunion.
Wearing shoes that crowd the toes won't cause bunions but it can make the deformity get progressively worse. That means you may experience symptoms sooner.
Symptoms occur most often when wearing shoes that crowd the toes - shoes with a tight toe box or high heels. Spending time on your feet can aggravate the symptoms of bunions.
Symptoms, which occur at the site of the bunion, may include:
Other conditions which may appear with bunions include calluses on the big toe, sores between the toes, ingrown toenail, and restricted motion of the toe.
Bunions are easily seen at the base of the big toe or side of the foot. Bunions get progressively worse and more painful so it is best to visit us as soon as the condition is evident so that we can provide a personal treatment plan.
Sometimes observation of the bunion is all that's needed. A periodic evaluation and examination can determine if your bunion deformity is advancing, thereby reducing your chance of irreversible damage to the joint. In many other cases, however, some type of treatment is needed.
Early treatments are aimed at easing the pain of bunions, but they won't reverse the deformity itself.
These options include:
When the pain of a bunion interferes with daily activities, it's time to discuss surgical options. Recent advances in surgical techniques have led to a very high success rate in treating bunions.
Other Foot Conditions: Ageing Feet, Blisters, Chilblains, Gout, Heel Pain, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sweaty Feet, Verrucae - for full advice please follow this link to The College of Podiatry.